List of Mediums & Methods


Pre-Historic

memory image
twisted perspective
thatch
corbelling
corbel vault
post-and-lintel
capstone
henge

Ancient Near East

repousse
low relief
high relief
fresco secco
buon fresco
cuneiform
register
phonograms
hieratic scale
crenellations

Ancient Egypt


ankh
hieroglyphic writing
canon of proportions
ka
mastaba
stepped pyramid
pyramid
cartouche
pylon
peristyle court
hypostyle hall
clerestory
sunken relief
encaustic

Aegean Art


Dressed Stone
Ashlar
Niello
Cyclopean
Gold Foil
Beehive Tomb
Courses
Krater
Chevron

Art of Ancient Greece


Amphora
Entablature
Pediment
Portico
Encaustic
Fluted
colonnade
Peplos
Rosettes
Entices
Kouros
Facade
Archaic Smile
Caryatid
Black-figure pottery
Cornice
Frieze
Architrave
Volute
Contrapposto


Art of Ancient Rome


Pilasters
Buttessing
arcade
barrel vault
groin vault
drum
oculus
cornice
stucco
verism
colonnade
insulae
atrium
peristyle
villa
atmospheric perspective
intuitive perspective
menorah
nave
clerestory
coffers
mosaic

Religions of the Book


monotheistic
menorah
synagogues
Torah
catacombs
basilica
atrium
narthex
aisles
apse
central plan
cruciform
Christ
Bible
Allah
Muhammad
Koran
Shi'ites
Sunnies
mosque
minaret
Mihrab
minbar
calligraphy
Muslims

Islamic Textiles

Weaving Techniques
Prayer Rugs
Safavids (and Persian Carpets)


Byzantine Art


vellum
pope
schism
iconostasis
iconoclasm
caesaropapism
Christ as Pantocrator

Medieval Art


Westwork
prefigure
coronation
illuminated manuscripts
reliquary
scriptoria
cloister
monastic

Romanesque Art


campanile
Gregorian Chant
pilgrimage church
strip buttress
Romanesque
martyr
scriptorium
benedictine Plan
archivolts
Trumeau
jambs

Gothic Art


guild
flying buttress
stone tracery
quatrefoil
historiated crucifix
"hall" church
Rose window
lancets
Triforium
clerestory
pinnacles and finials
apsidal chapels
choir pulpit

Fourteenth-Century Art in Europe


Black death
Great schism
Gesso
tempera
predella
vestment
grisaille
loggia
Proto-Renaissance
giornata
sinopia

Fifteenth-Century Italian Art


Sacra conversazione
One-point linear perspective
condottieri
De Pictura
Orthogonals
vanishing point
foreshorten
lantern
impost block
rusticated
sgraffito
intarsia
confraternities

Sixteenth-Century Italian Art


Protestants
reformation
counter-reformation
the sack of Rome
chiaroscuro
sfumato
stanze
pieta
ignudi
nonfinite
quoins
piano nobile
putti
mannerism
inquisition
pastoral

Early Renaissance in Northern Europe


Annuciation
Intuitive perspective
aerial perspective
diptych
triptych
polyptych
Flanders
woodcut
engraving

Sixteenth-Century Art in Northern Europe and the iberian Peninsula


Protestant
reformation
School of Fontainebleau
Chateau
Allegrical cycles
grottos
Engraving
iberian Peninsula

Baroque Art


undulating walls
genre painting
impasto
travertine
tenebrism
drypoint
limners
parterres
prie-dieux

Eighteenth-Century Art in Europe and the Americas


Rococo
Neoclassicism
Salons
arabesques
history painting
memento mori
Grad Tour
pastels
sublime
crenellated battlements

Nineteenth-Century Art in Europe and the US


Neo-classical
Romanticism
Realism
Symbolism
communist manifesto
Odalisque
camera obscura
photography
Daguerreotypes
impressionism
post-impressionism
pointillism
japonisme
Art Nouveau

Architecture from 1800-present


chicago School
Modern Architecture
Post-Modern architecture
curtain wall
Domino construction system
the international style
bauhaus manifesto


Modern art in Europe and the Americas 1900-1945


Primitivism
non representational art
analytic cubism
ready-mades
photomontage
kinetic art
installation art
biomorphic
automatism
The Great Depression
Grattage
Collage
The Armory Show
futurism
Surrealism

The Internation Scene since 1945


Art Brut
abstract expressionism
op art
Minimal art
Benday dots
earthworks
site-specific sculpture
modernist
pluralism
chador
action painting
art informal
color field painting
Happenings
Deconstructivist architecture
post-modern art
combines